What Causes TMJ Disorders?
Your jaw will try to correct a misaligned bite while you eat, speak, and even sleep. As the jaw forces itself into position, unnecessary stress is put on the TMJs.
Patients with bruxism grind their teeth or clench their jaw during the day, night, or both. Clenching and grinding the teeth causes stress on the jaw, resulting in a TMD.
Physical trauma to the jaw or muscles of the jaw can result in a TMJ disorder. For instance, you can develop a TMD if whiplash during a car accident dislocates your jaw joint.
Arthritis can cause pain to joints all over the body, including the jaw. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis in the jaw, but other types of arthritis also affect the TMJ.
Connective Tissue Disease
Connective tissue diseases can cause problems in the temporomandibular joint area and the TMJ itself. Abnormalities in the tissue, bone, and cartilage can all cause TMJ disorders.